新概念英語進入中國這么多年以來,幫助了無數想要學習英語的人。即使你沒學英語,你也聽過它的大名吧。它有許多的優勢,其精彩的編排,也成為很多教育機構的制定英語教材。下面就是新概念英語第一冊的關于語法的總結,一起來看看吧。

  新概念英語第一冊語法總結:動詞的變化

  1)代詞及be動詞

  主格 I we you you she/he/it they

  賓格 me us you you her/him/it them

  代詞所有格 my our your your her/his/its their

  名詞性代詞 mine ours yours yours hers/his/its theirs

  be動詞現在時 Am are are are is are

  be動詞過去時 was were were were was were

  2)名詞的復數

  規則變化的名詞復數形式

  規則1 一般情況+s e.g. shell→shells toy→toys

  規則2 以s, x, ch, sh結尾+es e.g. fox→foxes church→churches

  規則3 以o結尾+s或+es e.g. radio→radios potato→potatoes

  規則4 以f, fe結尾的,變f, fe為ves e.g. life→lives half→halves

  規則5 以輔音字母+y結尾, 變y為i+es e.g. sky→skies study→studies

  3)動詞的第三人稱單數形式

  規則1 一般情況+s e.g. like-likes, look-looks

  規則2 以s, x, ch, sh和o結尾+es e.g. do-does, catch-catches

  規則3 以輔音字母+y結尾, 變y為i+es e.g. carry-carries, fly-flies

  4)動詞現在分詞

  規則1 一般動詞加-ing e.g. look-looking, read-reading, play-playing

  規則2 以不發音的字母結尾的單詞去e加-ing e.g. make-making, take-taking, arrive-arriving

  規則3 重讀閉音節詞結尾, 即單詞中只有一個元音字母,其后緊跟一個輔音字母的詞,雙寫輔音字母再加-ing e. g. run-running, sit-sitting, get-getting, swim-swimming, stop-stopping

  5)動詞過去式

  規則動詞變化

  規則1 一般動詞加-ed e.g. look-looked, watch-watched, play-played

  規則2 以e結尾的加-d e.g. make-maked, arrive-arrived

  規則3 以輔音字母y結尾的變y為i加-ed cry-cried, carry-carried

  規則4 重讀閉音節詞結尾, 即單詞中只有一個元音字母,其后緊跟一個輔音字母的詞,雙寫輔音字母再加-ed stop-stopped

  過去式的讀音

  在清輔音后面(除外)讀/t/ e.g. walked, jumped

  在濁輔音和元音后讀/d/ e.g. washed, watched

  在/t/,/d/后讀/id/ e.g. waited, hated

  6)形容詞和副詞的比較級和最高級

  比較級

  規則1 一般加-er e.g. high-higher

  規則2 以e結尾加-r nice-nicer

  規則3 以輔音字母加y結尾,變y為i再加-er busy-busier

  規則4 重讀閉音節結尾, 雙寫輔音字母再加-er fat-fatter

  最高級

  規則1 一般加-est e.g. high-highest

  規則2 以e結尾加-st nice-nicest

  規則3 以輔音字母加y結尾,變y為i再加-est busy-busiest

  規則4 重讀閉音節結尾, 雙寫輔音字母再加--est fat-fattest

  7)常見縮寫:

  is='s I am=I'm are='re

  is not=isn't /iznt/ are not=aren't /a:nt/

  do not=don't

  does not=doesn't

  was='s

  did not=didn't

  can not=can't

  have='ve

  has='s

  have not=haven't

  has not=hasn't

  will='ll

  will not=won't

  shall not=shan't

  新概念第一冊:一般過去時

  含有be動詞的句子

  將be動詞變為過去式。am, is的過去式為was, are的過去式為were:

  I was at the butcher's.

  You were a student a year ago.

  The teacher was very beautiful ten years ago.

  ★變疑問句將be動詞移動到句首

  Were you at the butcher's?

  Were you a student a year ago?

  Was the teacher very beautiful ten years ago?

  ★變否定句在be動詞后面加not

  I was not at the butcher's.

  You were not a student a year ago.

  The teacher was not very beautiful ten years ago.

  ★肯定回答否定回答

  Yes, I was. / No, I was not.

  Yes, you were. / No, you were not.

  Yes, he/she was. / No, he/she was not.

  不含be動詞的句子

  將動詞變為過去式:

  I finished my homework yesterday.

  The boy went to a restaurant.

  The Sawyers lived at King Street a year ago.

  ★變疑問句在句首加did,動詞變為原型

  Did you finish your homework yesterday?

  Did the boy go to a restaurant?

  Did the Sawyers live at King Street a year ago?

  ★變否定句在主語和動詞之間加did not

  I did not finish my homework yesterday.

  The boy did not go to a restaurant.

  The Sawyers did not live at King Street a year ago.

  ★肯定回答及否定回答

  Yes, I did. / No, I didn't.

  Yes, he did. / No, he didn't.

  Yes, they did. / No, they did not.

  新概念第一冊:一般現在時

  含有be動詞的句子

  ★例句:

  He is a teacher.

  The girl is very beautiful.

  Tim and Jack are students.

  ★變疑問句將be動詞移到句首

  Is he a teacher?

  Is the girl very beautiful?

  Are Tim and Jack students?

  ★變否定句在be動詞后面加not

  He is not a teacher.

  The girl is not very beautiful.

  Tim and Jack are not students.

  ★肯定回答及否定回答

  Yes, he is. / No, he is not.

  Yes, she is. / No, she is not.

  Yes, they are. / No, they are not.

  看了上面的內容大家是不是對英語語法的變化有了新的認識呢,如果你是剛剛接觸英語,那么新概念第一冊是不錯的學習教材,大家可以自學或者尋找靠譜的培訓班進行輔導。滬江網是一個不錯的選擇,這里的新概念英語課程是精品課程,歡迎各位的到來。