虛擬語氣在英語中也是比較基礎的語法知識了,大家在學習英語的過程中都會碰到它。虛擬語氣用來表達不可能或難以實現的愿望,與事實相反的假設,通常分為基本的三種形式。那么在新概念英語教材中,它又是以怎樣的形式呈現的?它在第三冊新概念英語中出現,一起了解一下吧。

  1. 與現在事實相反的虛擬:

  If + did / were + ..., ... would/ should/ could/ might + do (動詞原形)

  If I were you, I would go abroad at once. (I am not you.)

  If he knew it now, he could help me. (He doesn't know it now.)

  2. 與過去事實相反的虛擬:

  If + had done + ..., ... would (might) have done ...

  If I had known your telephone number yesterday, I would have phoned you. (I didn't know your telephone number.)

  If you had come here a little earlier just now, you might have met her. (You didn't come here earlier.)

  3. 與將來事實相反的虛擬:

  (1) If + should + v., ... would + v. (可能性很小)(譯作“萬一”)

  If it should rain tomorrow, you could stay at home.

  If I should fail, what should Ido?

  (2) If + did / were to + v ..., would + v. (完全不可能)

  If the sun were to rise in the west, I would lend you the money.

  If you finished it in 3 minutes, I would give you my car.

  4. 金牌特殊重點

  [簡單聯想記憶]:

  ● 下列動詞后的“賓語從句”中需要用虛擬形式,即should + 動詞原形,shoud在美國英語中要省略(TOEFL語法考點)。此類常見的動詞有:order, ask, decide, demand, require, recommend, suggest(建議), insist(堅決要求), advise, etc.

  He suggested that we (should) help them with English.

  The teacher ordered that the homework (should) be finished within half an hour.

  ● 下列名詞后的同位語從句中要用“should + 動詞原形”(should可省去)的虛擬。此類常見的名詞有:suggestion, order, request, demand, importance, proposal.

  He made a suggestion that we (should) have a fancy dress party.

  I think it is a thing of importance that it (should) be done soon.

  ● It is / was important / necessary / natural / essential / advisable / strange / surprising, ect. + that +主語+ should + v.

  It is strange that you should say such a thing.

  It was important that you should tell me all the information.

  ● wish后的賓語從句中,as if 后的狀語從句中,須用下列的虛擬形式:

  主 + wish+ (that) + 主 + did / were(指現在)

  had done(指過去)

  would+ v.(指將來)

  I wish that I met my uncle now.

  I wish I had met my uncle yesterday.

  I wish I could meet my uncle tomorrow.

  ● It is (high) time that ... + did / were ...

  It is time that you went to bed.

  ● would rather that ... + did / were ...

  I would rather that you were not here now.

  ● would sooner that ... + did / were ...

  I would sooner that you got up earlier.

  I would sooner that you were not my brother.

  大家學會了虛擬語氣了嗎?如果還沒有還要繼續學習啊。新概念英語系列教材讓很多學生找到英語學習的渠道,實現心中的夢想。如果想更好的發揮這套教材的效果,來滬江網吧,選擇適合你的新概念英語課程,名師授課,精心編排。