What are things to be cautious of while going to Great Britain?
去英國有什么注意事項?

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獲得140.5k好評的回答@Jake Warman:

As a Brit I will give you some tips and warnings during your visit.
作為英國人我要給你一些旅行期間的建議和警告。

Tips:
建議:

1.You will need a reasonable level of English to be able to communicate and you should not count on British people to be able to speak your language. This goes for pretty all of the U.K. with the possible exception of London.
1.你要有一定的英語水平才能溝通,不要指望英國人能說你的語言。整個英國都這樣,可能倫敦會有例外

2.Although London is our capital city, I would recommend going across the country which is best achieved by train although fares can get expensive.
2.雖然倫敦是首都,但我建議你可以周游英國,最好的交通方式是火車,雖然車票會有點貴。

3.A cheaper alternative is to use coaches. These services go to large towns and cities in the U.K. and it gives you a chance to look at the countryside.
3.更廉價的方式是坐汽車,可以到達英國各大城市城鎮,還有機會看看鄉村景色。

4.If you are renting a car, remember that the U.K. drives on the left hand side of the road. Also roundabouts are very commonplace in the U.K.
4.租車的話要記住英國是靠左側行駛,而且英國環島很多。

5.If you visit a Public House (Pub), in most cases you will need to go to the bar to order drinks and do not assume that a waiter/waitress will come to your table.
5.去小酒館的話,大多數情況下需要去吧臺自己點飲品,不要以為服務員會來桌邊。

6.Tips are usually reserved to table staff in restaurants and taxis. For the former it is usually 10% of your bill and in taxis, round up your fare to around 5–10%.
6.通常要給飯店服務員和出租車司機留小費,給服務員的小費通常是賬單的10%,給出租車司機的小費大概是車費的5–10%。

7.In Pubs, you may hear a person saying “and one for yourself” to the barman/barmaid, this is a form of tipping. As a tourist, unless you have got to know the barman/barmaid well, do not tip them like this since it can be perceived as awkward.
7.在酒吧里,你可能會聽到有人對服務員說:“一個留給你自己”,這其實是變相給小費。作為游客,除非你跟服務員非常熟,否則不要這樣給小費,會讓人很尷尬。

8.When greeting someone, greet a younger person with their title Mr. Miss. etc for the first time however they will usually be on a first name basis thereafter. Older people will take longer to be on a first name basis. Also in a formal setting, people will likely use Sir and Madam and I would advise doing the same.
8.打招呼時,如果對方比你年紀小,第一次要加上“先生”或“女士”等稱呼,以后就可以直呼其名了。然而如果對方比你年長,就要過很長時間才能直呼其名。在正式場合人們也會使用“先生”和“女士”,我建議你也這樣做。

9.Queuing is a very British thing and exists throughout all parts of British society. If a queue exists, find the back of the queue and join at the back. DO NOT cut in the queue.
9.排隊是英國的習慣,在英國隨處可見。如果需要排隊,你要走到隊末排上,絕對不要插隊。

10.Indoor smoking in all public places has been banned in the U.K. since July 2007. If you need to smoke in a restaurant or a pub, you will need to go outside.
10.從2007年7月起英國所有公共場所都禁止在室內吸煙,在飯店或酒館想吸煙的話你需要去外面。

11.If you are invited by someone to come to their home, it is considered polite to buy either a bottle of wine, flowers or another small gift to thank the host. You should try to arrive either at that time or within five minutes afterwards. It is considered impolite to arrive early and too late.
11.如果有人邀請你去他們家,買一瓶酒、一束花或買點小禮物來感謝主人會被認為很有禮貌。你應該準時到或最多遲到五分鐘,早到或到得太晚都沒禮貌。

And now the warnings:
現在說說警告:

1.Be very careful when using terms such as English, British, Scottish to identify someone as some may not see themselves as such. This is especially true if you visit Northern Ireland.
1.說別人是“英格蘭人”、“英國人”、“蘇格蘭人”時要特別注意,因為有些人可能并不這樣認為,要是去北愛爾蘭尤其如此。

2.In Northern Ireland, there are clear distinctions between Unionist and Republican areas and therefore you should avoid mentioning the Troubles if possible. If the topic arises, either ask to move on or go along and agree with the view of the community that you are in.
2.在北愛爾蘭,民主統一黨地區和共和黨地區有很大分歧,因此如果有可能要盡量避免提到引起麻煩的話題,如果有人說起這些話題,要么轉移話題,要么就對你所在地區的觀點表示贊同。

3.Discussion of British politics should be avoided if possible.
3.應該盡量避免討論英國政治。

4.If you commit any crime no matter how minor or trivial, you will face the same punishment as a British citizen.
4.無論你犯了多不重要的或多小的罪,都會和英國公民面臨相同的處罰。

5.While the British people love having a drink, we are not a fan of binge drinkers. Underage drinking as well as binge drinking is a major issue within the U.K..
5.雖然英國人喜歡喝酒,但我們不喜歡酗酒。未成年人飲酒和酗酒在英國是同等大事。

6.If you are having a conversation on your phone, do not talk in a loud manner.
6.打電話聊天時不要大聲講話。

If you follow my advice, you will have a wonderful time in the U.K. and be welcome anytime.
聽取我的建議你就能在英國玩得開心,任何時候都受歡迎。

Have a great visit.
祝你玩得開心。

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